- a military march up-country, especially that of Cyrus the
Younger into Asia
- 1989: ‘I have a feeling that if we follow a scent of spring on the air with sufficient eagerness we’ll come to a south without snow more quickly than we think. Thalassa, thalassa. This is what the Greeks called an anabasis.’ They looked at him as if he were barmy. (Burgess, Any Old Iron)
The Greek term anabasis referred to an expedition from a coastline up into the interior of a country. The term katabasis referred to a trip from the interior down to the coast. So anabasis means "Expedition" or "The March Up Country" and carries the same connotation in Greek as it does in English. There are two classic texts with the name:
- Anabasis (Xenophon), by the Greek writer Xenophon (431–360 BC), about the expedition of the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger against his brother King Artaxerxes II.
- Anabasis Alexandri, by the Greek historian Arrian (92–175) is about Alexander the Great.
- Anabase (poetry), a poem by Saint-John Perse first published in French in 1924. The poem was translated by T. S. Eliot with the title Anabasis.
- Anabasis (genus) is also a genus of desert shrubs.
- Anabasii, couriers of antiquity.
- The "Siberian Anabasis" is a literary name for the march of the Czechoslovak Legions across Siberia during the Russian Civil War. The name tries to link their campaign to the epic of Xenophon.
anabasis in Italian: Anabasi
anabasis in Latin: Anabasis
anabasis in Hungarian: Anabaszisz
anabasis in Dutch: Anabasis
anabasis in Russian: Анабасис